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Understanding Age Spots: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

  • Post published:July 18, 2023
  • Post category:Blog

As we journey through life, our skin undergoes various transformations, revealing the marks of our experiences and the passage of time. One common occurrence that many of us encounter is the emergence of age spots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines. These small, darkened patches can appear on our skin, often prompting questions about their origin and how to manage them effectively.

Here are some of the known causes or contributing factors:

Sun exposure

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is a primary cause of age spots. Prolonged and unprotected exposure to the sun’s UV rays increases melanin production in the skin, resulting in the formation of age spots over time.


As the name suggests, age is a significant factor in the development of age spots. They are more common in older individuals, usually appearing after the age of 40.

Skin type and genetics

Skin type and genetics

People with fair skin are more susceptible to age spots due to lower melanin levels, which provide less protection against UV damage. Genetics can also play a role, as some individuals may be genetically predisposed to developing age spots.

Hormonal changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can increase the likelihood of age spots. This is particularly true for women.

Tanning beds

Tanning beds

Using tanning beds and artificial sources of UV radiation can contribute to the formation of age spots, as they expose the skin to concentrated UV rays.

Medications and chemicals

Medications and chemicals

Certain medications, such as antibiotics, hormonal medications, and chemotherapy drugs, can make the skin more sensitive to UV radiation, leading to the development of age spots. Additionally, certain chemicals found in perfumes, soaps, and cosmetics may increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun.

Previous skin damage

Previous skin injuries, such as burns, inflammation, or trauma, can increase the likelihood of age spots in the affected areas.

Here are some of the known causes or contributing factors:

Wear Protective Clothing

pink hat sun glasses

Whenever possible, cover your skin with protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses with UV protection. This provides an additional layer of defense against sun damage.

Seek Shade

Limit your exposure to direct sunlight, especially during peak hours when the sun’s rays are strongest (usually between 10 am and 4 pm). Find shade or create your own by using an umbrella or seeking shelter under trees or buildings.

Avoid Tanning Beds

Tanning beds emit harmful UV radiation, which can accelerate the development of age spots and other signs of premature aging.

Gentle Exfoliation

Regular exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells and promote cell turnover. Opt for gentle exfoliants that don’t irritate the skin. Overly aggressive scrubbing can cause skin damage and potentially worsen age spots.

Moisturize Regularly

Su Skin Hyaluronic Serum
Hyaluronic Serum

Keeping your skin hydrated can help maintain its overall health and appearance. Use moisturizers that suit your skin type to prevent dryness and maintain skin elasticity.

Use Skin Care Products with Antioxidants

green cream
Green Cream
Vitamin C serum
Vitamin C Serum

Incorporate skin care products with antioxidants into your routine. Antioxidants, such as vitamin C and green tea extract, help protect the skin from free radicals and environmental damage.

Sun Protection

body shield product
Body Shield
Su Skin SuShield

Protect your skin from harmful UV rays by wearing sunscreen with a high SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 30. Apply it generously on all exposed areas of your skin, including your face, neck, hands, and any other areas prone to sun exposure. Reapply every two hours, or more frequently if you sweat or swim.

Eat a Balanced Diet


Consume a nutritious diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods contain essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support skin health.

Stay Hydrated

woman pouring water

Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to keep your skin hydrated and help flush out toxins from your body.

Manage Stress

Chronic stress can negatively impact your skin and contribute to various skin issues. Practice stress-management techniques such as meditation, yoga, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in activities you enjoy.

At Natalie’s Skin Solutions, we offer a range of specialized procedures to tackle age spots and restore your skin’s natural radiance. Our three main treatments for age spot removal are MicrodermabrasionIPL Photo Rejuvenation, and RF Cautery. Each procedure is uniquely tailored to address specific aspects of your skin condition, targeting the areas that require treatment.

1. Microdermabrasion

MicrodermabrasionMicrodermabrasion is a non-invasive exfoliation procedure that gently removes the outermost layer of dead skin cells from the surface. This treatment uses a specialized device that emits fine crystals or a diamond-tipped wand to exfoliate the skin. By removing the outer layer, microdermabrasion helps to stimulate cell turnover and promote the growth of new, healthy skin cells.

In the case of age spots, microdermabrasion can help by gently removing the pigmented outer layer of the skin, which contains the excess melanin responsible for the appearance of age spots. The exfoliation process also helps to stimulate collagen production, leading to a more even skin tone and texture. Multiple sessions may be required for optimal results.

2. IPL Photo Rejuvenation

IPL Photo RejuvenationIPL (Intense Pulsed Light) Photo Rejuvenation is a non-invasive treatment that uses high-intensity light pulses to target and break down specific pigments in the skin. The light energy is absorbed by the melanin in the age spots, causing the pigment to fragment. The body’s natural processes then gradually eliminate the fragmented pigments, leading to a reduction in the appearance of age spots.

During an IPL Photo Rejuvenation session, a handheld device emits pulses of broad-spectrum light onto the skin. The light energy is selectively absorbed by the melanin in the age spots, causing them to darken temporarily before fading. The treatment also stimulates collagen production, helping to improve skin texture and tone overall. Multiple sessions may be required, depending on the severity of the age spots.

3. RF Cautery:

RF CauteryRF (Radiofrequency) Cautery is a non-surgical procedure that utilizes radiofrequency energy to target and remove age spots. This treatment involves the use of a specialized device that emits controlled radiofrequency waves onto the skin. The energy heats and destroys the pigmented cells responsible for age spots, without damaging the surrounding healthy skin.

RF Cautery is particularly effective for treating smaller, isolated age spots. The procedure is precise and allows the provider to target specific areas with accuracy. After the treatment, the body’s natural healing process helps to remove the damaged pigmented cells, resulting in a reduction in the appearance of age spots. In some cases, multiple sessions may be required for optimal results.

It’s important to note that the choice of procedure depends on various factors, including the severity of the age spots, the patient’s skin type, and the area being treated. Therefore, consulting with a skincare professional at Natalie’s Skin Solutions is recommended to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your specific skin condition.

Aesthetic & Laser Center in Naples, FL, and Fort Myers, FL

Our non-invasive treatments at Natalie’s Skin Solutions in Naples and Fort Myers, FL, aim to firm, smooth, and rejuvenate your skin. We provide individualized home treatment schedules for daily maintenance to ensure you get the results you want.

Schedule your free consultation with our Certified Aesthetician to know what the right procedure is for you. Call (239) 936-SKIN(7546) or visit our locations in Fort Myers or Naples today!